It is essential when working in the security industry that you undergo specified training programmes that result in the recognised qualifications you will need for all aspects of security. Individuals applying for a SIA licence must prove that they are properly qualified to do their job with the particular set of skills needed for the vastly expanding security industry. This results in a professional and capable workforce, equipped with the correct abilities for every aspect of security.
This course is suitable for individuals expected to use handcuffs as a form of restraint as part of their operational role. The aim of the course is to give positive guidance to staff regarding the use of handcuffs and serve as a reference for staff in justifying the use of handcuffs both in terms of policy (who and why do we handcuff) and technique (how do we handcuff).
This one-day course should be considered as a Basic Introduction to Handcuffing and Physical Intervention. It covers both practical handcuffing processes and procedures, as well as the legal implications that must be considered when using handcuffs to restrain an individual.
1. Identification of handcuffs
2. Loading of Handcuffs
3. The Powers of arrest
4. Applying Handcuffs
5. Types of positions
6. Handcuff – Passive
7. Handcuff – Active
8. Positional asphyxia
9. Excited Delirium
By the end of this course you will be able to:
1. Understand the primary reason for handcuffing.
2. Understand the law, including compliance with:
Section 3 (1) of the Criminal Law Act 1967,
Common Law, Section 117 PACE and Articles 5, 3 and 2 of the Human Rights Act 1998.
3. Understand the medical implications of handcuffing, including positional asphyxia.
4. Demonstrate how to apply handcuffs to a passive subject.
5. Demonstrate how to apply handcuffs to an aggressive subject.
6. Demonstrate how to remove handcuffs correctly.
Is it a legal requirement for Security Officers to use handcuffs?
Being in possession and using handcuffs for their ‘intended use’ is perfectly legal. In the eyes of the law, handcuffs are not a weapon nor are they prohibited in any way.
Many areas of the UK encourage the lawful use of handcuffs sanctioned by local police forces. In some cases, training is also provided by local law enforcement teams to ensure handcuffs are correctly used when necessary.
Handcuffing is regarded as a preferred way of restraining an individual, as opposed to group restraint tactics that can pose a threat to the welfare of the person being restrained, particularly positional asphyxia. When applying handcuffs, the subject should be sitting back on their feet and the restraints should be applied within 30 seconds. The suspect should only be placed in the recovery position as a last resort.
There are three main reasons for handcuffing as laid out by law and all Company Health and Safety Policies, SAFETY being the main criteria:
1. Safety of the public
2. Your own safety
3. The suspects safety
When should handcuffs be used?
1. To prevent a violent offender from assaulting or injuring you or a member of the public.
2. When you judge it necessary to prevent the offender’s escape from the scene.
3. During the transportation of the offender either by vehicle or during restrained escorting duties.
4. As a prevention tactic to stop the offender from harming themselves, you or members of the public.
An Officer may employ the use of handcuffs on reasonable grounds when:
1. The offender is likely to commit an act of violence against the arresting officer/s or bystanders.
2. There are reasonable grounds to suspect that the offender is likely to escape custody.
The term ‘Reasonable Grounds’ is defined by the circumstances of individual cases applied as an objective rule based on the decision that the offender is likely to commit an act of violence or will attempt to escape. In the case of juveniles, women or the elderly the consideration of reasonable grounds and exceptional circumstances should be carefully applied.
The justified use of handcuffs is governed by Section 3 of the Criminal Law act. This clearly states:
A person may use such force as is reasonable in the circumstances in prevention of a crime, or in effecting or assisting in the lawful arrest of offenders or suspected offenders or of persons unlawfully at large.
Common Law and use of Force:
In the UK the use of force on an individual is considered unlawful unless the following circumstances prevail:
1. It is an act of self-defence.
2. To save a life.
3. Lawful arrest is the only option.
4. The prevention of a crime or further criminal acts.
5. Preventing an intended Breach of the Peace.
Justified use of restraint:
1. Force used in any confrontation MUST be seen as REASONABLE based on the likelihood of the suspect’s resistance.
2. Other options to calm the situation have failed.
3. When a potentially volatile situation provides no further option.
The course is assessed by a practical assessment.